Strona bierna język angielski, Passive voice, angielska strona bierna

Strona bierna ( Passive voice )

Użycie:

Gdy wykonawca jest bliżej nieokreślony, lub nie znamy wykonawcy:

The glass in the window was broken last night.
A parcel was dropped  at my door yesterday.
The necklace was stolen from the shop.

Gdy chcemy bardziej zwrócią uwagę na przedmiot czynności niż na jej wykonawcę:

Another strike at the factory is being planned for November.
A new conference centre will be built in Warsaw.
The meals are cooked in a great hurry.

Pomijamy wykonawcę czynności ponieważ jest oczywisty:

In the hurricane many fields were flooded and many trees were broken.
The street is swept every day.
Your wound will be cleaned and bandaged.

W artykułach, instrukcjach, wiadomościach:


The end of the wire must be joined with the plug.
Meeting will be held regarding the situation in Africa.
Salaries were raised in the health sector.

Przykłady w różnych czasach

     Strona czynna
   Strona bierna
 Czas 
 Simple Present  Podmiot +czasownik w I formie+ Dopełnienie 
Dopełnienie + is done + by+Podmiot
 John writes the book.  The book is written by John.
 People speak English.  English is spoken (by people).
 Present Continuous Podmiot + am/is/are+doing+ Dopełnienie Dopełnienie+is/are being done+by+ Podmiot
 John is writing the book.  The book is being written by John.
 People are speaking English.  English is being spoken (by people).
 Simple Past Podmiot + did + Dopełnienie Dopełnienie+was/were done+by+Podmiot
 John wrote the book.  The book was written by John.
 People spoke English.  English was spoken (by people).
 Past Continouous
 Podmiot + was/were doing+Dopełnienie Dopełnienie+was/were being done+by+Podmiot
 John was writing the book.  The book was being written by John.
 People were speaking English.  English was being spoken (by people).
 Present Perfect Podmiot + have/has done + Dopełnienie Dopełnienie+have/has been done+by+ Podmiot
 John has written the book.  The book has been written by John.
 People have spoken English.  English has been spoken (by people).
 Past Perfect Podmiot + had done + Dopełnienie Dopełnienie + had been done + by + Podmiot
 John had written the book.  The book had been written by John.
 People had spoken English.  English had been spoken (by people).
 Future Simple Podmiot + will do + Dopełnienie Dopełnienie + will be done + by + Podmiot
 John will write the book.  The book will be written by John.
 People will speak English.   English will be spoken (by people).
 Can / could Podmiot + can/could do + Dopełnienie Dopełnienie+can/could be done+by+Podmiot
 John can write the book.  The book can be written by John.
 People can speak English.  English can be spoken (by people).
 Must Podmiot + must to + Dopełnienie  Dopełnienie + must be done + by + Podmiot
 John must write the book.  The book must be written by John.
 People must speak English.  English must be spoken (by people).
 Have / has to Podmiot + has/have to do + Dopełnienie Dopełnienie+has/have to be done+by+Podmiot
 John has to write the book.  The book has to be written by John.
 People have to speak English.  English has to be spoken (by people).
 May / might Podmiot + may/might do+Dopełnienie Dopełnienie+may/might be done+by+Podmiot
 John may write the book.  The book may be written by John.
 People may speak English.  English may be spoken (by people).
 Should Podmiot + should do + Dopełnienie Dopełnienie + should be done + by + Podmiot
 John should write the book.  The book should be written by John.
 People should speak English.  English should be spoken (by people).